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Bromo compounds are any class of organic compounds that contain a carbon-bromine bond. They are versatile compounds that find application in diverse fields. They are extensively used in organic synthesis as intermediates. Bromides, being good leaving groups, are used as substrates for substitution reactions. This makes them useful reagents, for instance, as alkylating agents. Being softer, the C-Br bond is suited for metal insertion reactions, and hence bromo compounds are employed in a variety of metal-catalyzed coupling reactions. They are also used for the synthesis of Grignard reagents that have wide-applicability in organic synthesis. alpha-Bromoesters are employed in the Reformatsky reaction for the synthesis of beta-hydroxyesters.
Several bromo compounds find application as dyes. For instance, in analytical chemistry bromothymol is a popular indicator. Bromo compounds are commercially important pharmaceuticals. For instance, bromo compounds find utility as vasodilator, sedative, anticancer agent, and antiseptic agent. They also occur naturally in marine organisms. Bromoform is produced by several algae. Some red algae have in their vesicle cell concentrated bromo compounds.