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It is used as a catalyst in the conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in ionic liquids, as a reducing agent in combination with triphenylphosphine (TPP) for the reduction of alpha-bromo carboxylic acid derivatives, and in the production of pure germanium. It also finds use as an intermediate for several optical processes. It is one of the most important dopants in silica glass for optical fibers. It is employed in the preparation of germanium dioxide which is used for wide camera lens, microscopy, IR-transparent glasses/windows/lenses, and for the core of fiber-optic lines.
Willert, A.; Abedin, S. Z. E.; Endres, F. Synthesis of Silicon and Germanium Nanowire Assemblies by Template-Assisted Electrodeposition from an Ionic Liquid. Australian J. Chem. 2014, 67 (6), 875-880.
Dehghani, H.; Bakhshayesh, S.; Behnoudnia, F. Synthesis of New Sandwich Intermediate Sitting-atop Complexes Between Meso-tetraarylporphyrins and Germanium(IV) chloride. Inorg. Chim. Acta. 2009, 362 (9), 3025-3029.
Zhou, W.; Tomita, I. Synthesis and Properties of Novel Germole-Containing Polymers by Reaction of Bis(cyclopentadienyl)titanacyclopentadiene-Containing Polymer with Germanium Tetrachloride. Polym. Bull. 2008, 61 (5), 603-609.
Hazard Statements: H314-H318
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.