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10038-98-9 - Germanium(IV) chloride, 99.9999% (metals basis) - 10509 - Alfa Aesar

10509 Germanium(IV) chloride, 99.9999% (metals basis)

CAS Number
10038-98-9
Synonyms

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
5g 65.10
25g 224.54
100g 661.26
500g 1898.40
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Germanium(IV) chloride, 99.9999% (metals basis)

MDL
MFCD00011029
EINECS
233-116-7

Chemical Properties

Formula
Cl4Ge
Formula Weight
214.40
Form
Liquid
Melting point
-49.5°
Boiling Point
83.1°
Density
1.874
Sensitivity
Moisture Sensitive
Solubility
Soluble in ether, benzene, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride. Insoluble in hydrochloric acid and sulphuric acid.

Applications

It is used as a catalyst in the conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in ionic liquids, as a reducing agent in combination with triphenylphosphine (TPP) for the reduction of alpha-bromo carboxylic acid derivatives, and in the production of pure germanium. It also finds use as an intermediate for several optical processes. It is one of the most important dopants in silica glass for optical fibers. It is employed in the preparation of germanium dioxide which is used for wide camera lens, microscopy, IR-transparent glasses/windows/lenses, and for the core of fiber-optic lines.

Notes

It is moisture sensitive and decomposes in water producing HCl and germanium oxide Corrosive and lachrymator.

Literature References

Willert, A.; Abedin, S. Z. E.; Endres, F. Synthesis of Silicon and Germanium Nanowire Assemblies by Template-Assisted Electrodeposition from an Ionic Liquid. Australian J. Chem. 2014, 67 (6), 875-880.

Dehghani, H.; Bakhshayesh, S.; Behnoudnia, F. Synthesis of New Sandwich Intermediate Sitting-atop Complexes Between Meso-tetraarylporphyrins and Germanium(IV) chloride. Inorg. Chim. Acta. 2009, 362 (9), 3025-3029.

Zhou, W.; Tomita, I. Synthesis and Properties of Novel Germole-Containing Polymers by Reaction of Bis(cyclopentadienyl)titanacyclopentadiene-Containing Polymer with Germanium Tetrachloride. Polym. Bull. 2008, 61 (5), 603-609.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H314-H318

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.

Precautionary Statements: P260-P280-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P304+P340-P310-P363-P405-P501a

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Other References

Merck
14,4410
Hazard Class
8
Packing Group
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2827.39
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
LY5225000

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