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Polycrystalline films of bismuth triiodide are used as beta direct and digital detectors for medical imaging applications. Bismuth(III) iodide is used as an ice nucleant. It is also used in electron microscopy to reveal synapses. Addition of bismuth triiodide has been shown to improve the glass forming ability and thermal stability of Ge-Te-BiI(3) chalcogenide glasses. Solution-processable BiI3 nanosheets have been shown to exhibit the potential to be used as HTLs (Hole Transport Layer) in conventional OPV (organic photovoltaic) devices.
Boopathi, K. M.; Raman, S.; Mohanraman, R.; Chou, F. -C.; Chen, Y. -Y.; Lee, C. H.; Chang, F. C.; Chu, C. W. Solution-processable bismuth iodide nanosheets as hole transport layers for organic solar cells. Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 2014, 121, 35-41.
Jia, R. R.; Wu, C. P.; Wu, S.; Yang, Y. X.; Chen, Y. R.; Jia, Y. Q. Synthesis and characterization of aspartic acid complexes of antimony and bismuth triiodide. Amino Acids 2006, 31 (1), 85-90.
Li, H.; Wang, M.; Huang, S.; Liu, J.; Lin, X.; Chen, Z. Preparation and Characterization of Two Bismuth(III) Iodide Inorganic/Organic Hybrid Solids. Synth. React. Inorg. M. 2011, 41 (10), 1351-1357.
Sun, J.; Nie, Q.; Wang, X.; Dai, S.; Xu, T.; Wang, G. Glass formation and properties of Ge-Te-BiI3 far infrared transmitting chalcohalide glasses. Spectrochim. Acta Part A 2011, 79 (5), 904-908.
Hazard Statements: H314-H335
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant