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Mercury(II) oxide is used in marine and porcelain paints, dry batteries, chemical reagents, and topical antiseptics. It acts as a significant part in the production of mercury. It is utilitarian in the deduction of a mercury based superconductor. It is likewise employed, as a photo-oxidant for the photochemical oxidation of primary aromatic amines to the corresponding azoaromatic compounds. It is also an essential material for the preparation of cathodes in mercury batteries.
Miller, C. L.; Watson, D. B.; Lester, B. P.; Howe, J. Y.; Phillips, D. H.; He, F.; Liang, L.; Pierce, E. M. Formation of Soluble Mercury Oxide Coatings: Transformation of Elemental Mercury in Soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2015, 49 (20), 12105-12111.
Wei, Z. S.; Luo, Y. W.; Li, B. R.; Chen, Z. Y.; Ye, Q. H.; Huang, Q. R.; He, J. C. Elemental mercury oxidation from flue gas by microwave catalytic oxidation over Mn/γ-Al2O3. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 2015, 24, 315-321.
Hazard Statements: H300-H310-H330-H373
Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P301+P310a-P304+P340-P320-P330-P405-P501a
IF SWALLOWED: IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Rinse mouth. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.