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Silver nitrate finds use in silver plating, photography, manufacturing of other silver compounds, mirrors, coloring porcelain and staining in histology. It is also used as a stain in scanning electron microscopy and a key ingredient in several silver-based pharmaceutical compositions through appropriate manufacturing processes. Silver nitrate can be used to separate mixtures of alkenes by selective absorption. It is also used for deprotection and oxidation reactions in organic synthesis. It is widely used as an analytical reagent owing to its immediate reaction with halide ions forming insoluble precipitate of silver halides.
Brook, I.; Berner, A.; Tchoudakov, R.; Suckeveriene, R. Y.; Narkis, M. Conductive elastomeric nanocomposites based on oxidation of aniline with silver nitrate via inverse emulsion polymerization. Polym. Adv. Technol. 2014, 25, 1446-1453.
Lee, H. -T.; Tsou, C. -H.; Jou, C. -H.; Huang, F. -C.; Wang, M. -L.; Suen, M. -C. The effects of silver nitrate on the structure and properties of polyurethanes containing pyridyl units. Polym. Bull. 2014, 71 (11), 2749-2767.
Hazard Statements: H272-H290-H314-H335-H373
May intensify fire; oxidizer. May be corrosive to metals. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P220-P221-P234-P260-P262-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Keep only in original container. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant