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Sodium nitrate is used in the production of fertilizers, nitric acid, pyrotechnics, smoke-bombs, glass and pottery enamels. In combination with boron trifluoride it forms an efficient reagent for nitration of aromatic compounds. Adsorption on alumina provides an environmentally benign aromatic nitrating agent. Further it finds use as food preservative and as a solid rocket propellant. It is also used as an electrolyte in a salt bridge, and as thermal storage medium in power generation systems.
Xu, M.; Wang, J.; Li, C.; Zhang, J.; Liu, Y.; Yuan, G. Effect of electric field to infrared absorption properties of sodium nitrate on silver/diamond powder (Ag/DP) composites. Chem. Phys. Lett. 2014, 613, 10-14.
Steinitz, M. O.; Pink, D. A.; Clancy, J. P.; MacDonald, N.; Swainson, I. Sodium Nitrate -- A Difficult Discontinuous Phase Transition. Can. J. Phys. 2004, 82 (12), 1097-1107.
Hernández-Paredesa, J.; Carrillo-Pesqueiraa, F. J.; Esparza-Ponceb, H. E.; Hernández-Negretea, O.; Alvarez-Ramosa, M. E. l-Proline-sodium nitrate obtained from solvent drop grinding. Polyhedron 2015, 91, 84-88.
Hazard Statements: H272-H302
May intensify fire; oxidizer. Harmful if swallowed.
Precautionary Statements: P221-P210v-P220-P280a-P301+P312a-P501a
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Keep away from heat Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor if you feel unwell. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.