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7772-99-8 - Tin(II) chloride hydrate, Puratronic®, 99.995% (metals basis) - Stannous chloride hydrate - 10894 - Alfa Aesar

10894 Tin(II) chloride hydrate, Puratronic®, 99.995% (metals basis)

CAS Number
7772-99-8
Synonyms
Stannous chloride hydrate

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
5g 39.00
25g 170.00
100g 616.00
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Tin(II) chloride hydrate, Puratronic®, 99.995% (metals basis)

MDL
MFCD00011241
EINECS
231-868-0

Chemical Properties

Formula
Cl2Sn•xH2O
Formula Weight
189.62(anhy)
Form
Crystalline Powder
Melting point
43-46°
Density
2.71
Sensitivity
Air Sensitive
Solubility
Soluble in ethanol, acetone, ether and tetrahydrofuran. Insoluble in xylene.

Applications

Tin(II) chloride is widely used as a reducing agent in organic synthesis, for example conversion of quinones into hydroquinones, nitroaromatics into aromatic amines, and in Stephen reduction. It can be used to reduce certain metal salts into metals, tin plating, analytical testing of mercury ions, formation of silver mirrors and metal-metal bonds. It is also used for tin-plating, as a mordant in textile dyeing and as a catalyst in the production of polylactic acid. Further it is used as a food additive, wherein it serves as an anti-oxidant and a color retention agent. It can be used in the condensation of aryl aldehydes with cyclohexan-1,3-diones to synthesize xanthenes. It catalyzes direct conversion of aldehydes into beta-keto esters.

Notes

Tin(II) chloride is very freely soluble in cold water. If the volume of water increases or at hot condition it hydrolyses to form an insoluble hydroxide derivative.

Literature References

Karami, B.; Eskandari, K.; Zare, Z.; Gholipour, S. A New Access to 1,8-Dioxooctahydroxanthenes Using Yttrium(III) Nitrate Hexahydrate and Tin(II) Chloride Dihydrate as Effective and Reusable Catalysts. Chem. Heterocycl. Compd. 2014, 49 (12), 1715-1722.

Kamali, A. R. Thermokinetic characterisation of tin(II) chloride. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 2014, 118 (1), 99-104.

Chia, S. -P.; Li, Y.; Ganguly, R.; So, C. -W. Heteroleptic Germanium(II) and Tin(II) Chlorides Supported by Anionic Ligands Derived from 2,3-Dimethyl-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene. Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2014, 526-532.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H318-H317

Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction.

Precautionary Statements: P262-P280-P305+P351+P338-P309-P310a

Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or if you feel unwell:

Other References

Merck
14,8783
Hazard Class
8
Packing Group
III
Harmonized Tariff Code
2827.39
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
XP8850000

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