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Vanadium pentoxide is the precursor to alloys of vanadium. It is widely used as an industrial catalyst for the manufacture of sulfuric acid, maleic anhydride, phthalic anhydride, adipic acid, acrylic acid, oxalic acid and anthraquinone. It finds application as a detector material in bolometers and microbolometer arrays for thermal imaging, and as an ethanol sensor in ppm (parts per million) levels. It is also used in vanadium redox batteries, which are used for energy storage in power facilities, such as wind farms.
Osada, I.; von Zamory, J.; Paillard, E.; Passerini, S. Improved lithium-metal/vanadium pentoxide polymer battery incorporating crosslinked ternary polymer electrolyte with N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(perfluoromethanesulfonyl)imide. J. Power Sources 2014, 271, 334-341.
Lichtenberger, J.; Amiridis, M. D. Catalytic Oxidation of Chlorinated Benzenes over V2O5/TiO2 Catalysts. J. Catal. 2004, 223 (2), 296-308.
Venkatesham, N.; Reddy, K. J.; Rajanna, K. C.; Veerasomaiah, P. Vanadium Pentoxide as a Catalyst for Regioselective Nitration of Organic Compounds under Conventional and Nonconventional Conditions. Synth. React. Inorg. M. 2014, 44 (7), 921-926.
Lao, Z. J. ; Konstantinov, K.; Tournaire, Y.; Ng, S. H.; Wang, G.; Liu, H. Synthesis of Vanadium pentoxide Powders with Enhanced Surface-area for Electrochemical Capacitors. J. Power Sources 2006, 162 (2), 1451-1454.
Hazard Statements: H302-H318-H332-H335-H341-H351-H361d-H372
Harmful if swallowed. Causes serious eye damage. Harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation. Suspected of causing genetic defects. Suspected of causing cancer. Suspected of damaging the unborn child. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P281-P301+P312-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P310-P330-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant