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Vanadium pentoxide is the precursor to alloys of vanadium. It is widely used as an industrial catalyst for the manufacture of sulfuric acid, maleic anhydride, phthalic anhydride, adipic acid, acrylic acid, oxalic acid and anthraquinone. It finds application as a detector material in bolometers and microbolometer arrays for thermal imaging, and as an ethanol sensor in ppm (parts per million) levels. It is also used in vanadium redox batteries, which are used for energy storage in power facilities, such as wind farms.
Osada, I.; von Zamory, J.; Paillard, E.; Passerini, S. Improved lithium-metal/vanadium pentoxide polymer battery incorporating crosslinked ternary polymer electrolyte with N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(perfluoromethanesulfonyl)imide. J. Power Sources 2014, 271, 334-341.
Lichtenberger, J.; Amiridis, M. D. Catalytic Oxidation of Chlorinated Benzenes over V2O5/TiO2 Catalysts. J. Catal. 2004, 223 (2), 296-308.
Venkatesham, N.; Reddy, K. J.; Rajanna, K. C.; Veerasomaiah, P. Vanadium Pentoxide as a Catalyst for Regioselective Nitration of Organic Compounds under Conventional and Nonconventional Conditions. Synth. React. Inorg. M. 2014, 44 (7), 921-926.
Lao, Z. J. ; Konstantinov, K.; Tournaire, Y.; Ng, S. H.; Wang, G.; Liu, H. Synthesis of Vanadium pentoxide Powders with Enhanced Surface-area for Electrochemical Capacitors. J. Power Sources 2006, 162 (2), 1451-1454.
Hazard Statements: H302-H332-H341-H361-H335-H372
Harmful if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled. Suspected of causing genetic defects. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child. May cause respiratory irritation. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P201-P280-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.