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Hydrofluoric acid is used in the glass etching, electronic and chemical industries. Hydrogen fluoride is mainly used in the production of organofluorine compounds, aluminum and chlorofluorocarbons. Hydrogen fluoride is also used for separating uranium isotopes, as a catalyst in the petroleum industry, and in stainless steel pickling. Hydrofluoric acid is used as a pickling agent and used in the semiconductor materials.
Fraga, S.; Valandro, L. F.; Bottino, M. A.; May, L. G. Hard machining, glaze firing and hydrofluoric acid etching: Do these procedures affect the flexural strength of a leucite glass-ceramic? Dent. Mater. 2015, 31 (7), e131-e140.
Senthilnathan, J.; Weng, C. C.; Tsai, W. T.; Gogotsi, Y.; Yoshimura, M. Synthesis of carbon films by electrochemical etching of SiC with hydrofluoric acid in nonaqueous solvents. Carbon 2014, 71, 181-189.
Hazard Statements: H290-H300+H310+H330-H314-H335
May be corrosive to metals. Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P234-P260-P262-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P284-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P390-P501c
Keep only in original container. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant