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Acetic acid is used as a solvent for purification and production of many chemical compounds eg., vinyl acetate monomer. It is a significant chemical reagent and is mainly used in the production of cellulose acetate for photographic film, polyvinyl acetate for wood glue, synthetic fibers and fabrics. It is used as a descaling agent in households. As a food additive, it finds application as a condiment, in the pickling of vegetables and other foods and is also an acidity regulator. In analytical chemistry, for the estimation of weakly alkaline substances such as organic amides, glacial acetic acid is used. Acetic acid is used as antimicrobial preservative or acidulates in a variety of food products.
Zuriarrain, A.; Zuriarrain, J.; Puertas, A. I.; Dueñas, M. T.; Berregi, I. Quantitative Determination of Lactic and Acetic Acids in Cider by 1H NMR Spectrometry. Food Control 2015, 52, 49-53.
Yang, Z.; Liu, Q. H.; Wang, T. H.; Wang, Y. B. Chirality Synthesis of N-Shaped ZnO Nanorods by Glacial Acetic Acid Assisted Annealing Process and Ethanol Sensing Properties. Mater. Sci. Forum 2015, 815, 458-463.
Hazard Statements: H226-H314
Flammable liquid and vapour. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.