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Potassium tetrachloroplatinate solution is used in the preparation of platinum (Pt) nanoparticles. Ligands like ammonia or triphenyl phosphine can able to replace the chloride ligands to afford various derivatives. The replacement by ammonia results in the preparation of cisplatin, which is used in the cancer treatment. Further, it is used as catalyst in the hydroarylation reaction.
Wang, H.; Imura, M.; Malgras, V.; Li, C.; Wang, L.; Yamauchi, Y. A Solution Phase Synthesis of Dendritic Platinum Nanoelectrocatalysts with the Assistance of Polyoxyethylene Nonylphenyl Ether. J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym. Mater. 2015, 25 (2), 245-250.
Kozhevnikov, V. N.; Donnio, B.; Heinrich, B.; Williams, J. G.; Bruce, D. W. Green-blue light-emitting platinum(II) complexes of cyclometallated 4, 6-difluoro-1, 3-dipyridylbenzenes showing mesophase organisation. J. Mater. Chem. C 2015, 3 (39), 10177-10187.
Hazard Statements: H290-H301-H315-H318-H334-H317
May be corrosive to metals. Toxic if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause an allergic skin reaction.
Precautionary Statements: P284-P261-P301+P310a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Wear respiratory protection. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.