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Ytterbium(III) chloride hydrate is used as an effective catalyst to prepare acetals by reacting with trimethyl orthoformate. It reacts with N-alkylsalicylideneimines to prepare yttrium(III) Schiff base complexes. It is widely used as NMR shift reagent, calcium ion probe and in DNA microarrays. Its anhydrous form acts as a Lewis acid and catalyzes the alkylation reactions such as aldol reaction and Pictet-Spengler reaction.
Knopf, K. M.; Crundwell, G.; Westcott, B. L. Crystal structure of hexaaquadichloridoytterbium(III) chloride. Acta Cryst. 2015, E71 (6), i5.
Ogata, T.; Narita, H.; Tanaka, M. Adsorption behavior of rare earth elements on silica gel modified with diglycol amic acid. Hydrometallurgy 2015, 152, 178-182.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.