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Ytterbium(III) chloride hydrate is used as an effective catalyst to prepare acetals by reacting with trimethyl orthoformate. It reacts with N-alkylsalicylideneimines to prepare yttrium(III) Schiff base complexes. It is widely used as NMR shift reagent, calcium ion probe and in DNA microarrays. Its anhydrous form acts as a Lewis acid and catalyzes the alkylation reactions such as aldol reaction and Pictet-Spengler reaction.
Knopf, K. M.; Crundwell, G.; Westcott, B. L. Crystal structure of hexaaquadichloridoytterbium(III) chloride. Acta Cryst. 2015, E71 (6), i5.
Ogata, T.; Narita, H.; Tanaka, M. Adsorption behavior of rare earth elements on silica gel modified with diglycol amic acid. Hydrometallurgy 2015, 152, 178-182.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant