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Gadolinium(III) oxide is used as a raw material for various fluorescent compounds, absorption material in atomic reactions, nuclear fuels, magnetic bubble material and screen-sensitivity increasing material. It is also used in glass and electronic industries. It also acts as a neutron shield, a catalyst, a dielectric ceramic and is used for filament coatings, special glasses, lasers, masers and telecommunication. It also serves as a laboratory reagent. It plays an important role as a potential contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Marani, D.; Sudireddy, B. R.; Bentzen, J. J.; Jorgensen, P. S.; Kiebach, R. Colloidal stabilization of cerium-gadolinium oxide (CGO) suspensions via rheology. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 2015, 35 (10), 2823-2832.
Vahdatkhah, P.; Hosseini, H. R. M.; Khodaei, A.; Montazerabadi, A. R.; Irajirad, R.; Oghabian, M. A.; Delavari, H. H. Rapid microwave-assisted synthesis of PVP-coated ultrasmall gadolinium oxide nanoparticles for magnetic resonance imaging. Chem. Phys 2015, 453-454, 35-41.