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Erbium(III) chloride hydrate serves as a mild Lewis acid for selective acetalization. It combines with sodium borohydride and used as a selective reducing agent. It is also useful to form enolates from alfa-bromo ketones and oxyallyl cations from alfa,alfa'-dibromo ketones.
Gardea-Torresdey, J. L.; Tiemann, K. J.; Peralta-Videa, J. R.; Parsons, J. G.; Delgado, M. Binding of erbium(III) and holmium(III) to native and chemically modified alfalfa biomass: a spectroscopic investigation. Microchem. J. 2004, 76 (1-2), 65-76.
Das, P. K.; Ruzmaikina, I.; Belfiore, L. A. Poly(vinylamine) complexes with f-block salts from the lanthanide series that exhibit significant glass-transition temperature enhancement. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2000, 38 (14), 1931-1938.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.