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Erbium trioxide is an important rare earth metal used in biomedicine. It is used as a gate dielectric in semi conductor devices since it has a high dielectric constant and a large band gap; as a burnable neutron poison for nuclear fuel and as coloring for glasses. Erbium oxide nanoparticles can be surface modified for distribution into aqueous and non-aqueous media for bioimaging due to its photoluminescence property.
Radziuk, D.; Skirtach, A.; Gebner, A.; Kumke, M. U.; Zhang, W.; Mo?hwald, H.; Shchukin, D. Ultrasonic approach for formation of erbium oxide nanoparticles with variable geometries. Langmuir 2011, 27 (23), 14472-14480.
Chikada, T.; Naitoh, S.; Suzuki, A.; Terai, T.; Tanaka, T.; Muroga, T. Deuterium permeation through erbium oxide coatings on RAFM steels by a dip-coating technique. J. Nucl. Mater. 2013, 442 (1-3), 533-537.