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11414 Silver nitrate, ACS, 99.9+% (metals basis)

CAS Number
7761-88-8
Synonyms

Stock No. Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
11414-06 5g 27.10
11414-14 25g 70.80
11414-22 100g 253.00
11414-36 500g 1091.00
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Silver nitrate, ACS, 99.9+% (metals basis)

MDL
MFCD00003414
EINECS
231-853-9

Chemical Properties

Formula
AgNO3
Formula Weight
169.87
Form
Crystalline
Melting point
212°
Density
4.352
Storage & Sensitivity
Light Sensitive. Ambient temperatures.
Solubility
Freely soluble in water, alcohol and aqueous ammonia. Slightly soluble in ether.

Grade Specifications

Maximum level of impurities: Clarity of solution P.T., Cl 5ppm, Free acid P.T., Substances not precipitated by hydrochloric acid 0.01%, SO4 0.002%, Cu 2ppm, Fe 2ppm, Pb 0.001%

Applications

Silver nitrate is employed in Silver plating, photography, manufacturing of other silver compounds, mirrors, coloring porcelain, and staining in histology. It finds use as a stain in scanning electron microscopy, and a key ingredient in several silver-based antiseptic and antibacterial pharmaceutical compositions. Silver(I) nitrate is used to separate mixtures of alkenes by selective absorption, and for deprotection and oxidation reactions in organic synthesis. It is widely used as an analytical reagent owing to its immediate reaction with halide ions forming insoluble precipitate of silver(I) halides.

Notes

Sensitive to light; hence store in light resistant containers. Corrosive solid. Relatively more stable to light than other salts. Color changes to grey or greyish black on exposure to light or air in the presence of organic matter.

Literature References

Forms complexes with alkenes, used in the separation of mixtures; see, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 315 (1973).

Promotes the reactivity of NCS in the cleavage of 2-acylated 1,3-dithianes: Synthesis, 17 (1969), and of NBS in the 1-bromination of terminal alkynes: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 23, 727 (1984).

In combination with Br2 or I2 in refluxing methanol, brings about the rearrangement of acetophenones to methyl arylacetates, a reaction previously induced by thallium(III) nitrate: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 235 (1982):

The Hunsdiecker reaction of Ag salts of carboxylic acids with Br2 provides alkyl bromides with one less carbon atom which is lost as CO2; see, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 578 (1955). Reviews: Chem. Rev., 56, 219 (1956); Org. React., 9, 332 (1957). Compare also Mercury(II)­ oxide, A16157.

For the alkylation of substrates by radicals derived from decarboxylation of acids, see Trimethyl­acetic acid, A10776.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H272-H290-H314-H335-H373

May intensify fire; oxidizer. May be corrosive to metals. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Precautionary Statements: P220-P221-P234-P260-P262-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P370+P378q-P501c

Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Keep only in original container. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant

Other References

Merck
14,8518
Hazard Class
5.1
Packing Group
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2843.21
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
VW4725000

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