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11571 Tin(IV) chloride, anhydrous, 98% (metals basis)

CAS Number
7646-78-8
Synonyms
Stannic chloride

Stock No. Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
11571-36 500g 68.40
11571-57 *4x500g 168.00
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Tin(IV) chloride, anhydrous, 98% (metals basis)

MDL
MFCD00011242
EINECS
231-588-9

Chemical Properties

Formula
Cl4Sn
Formula Weight
260.50
Form
Liquid
Melting point
-33°
Boiling Point
114°
Density
2.26
Refractive Index
1.512
Storage & Sensitivity
Moisture Sensitive. Ambient temperatures.
Solubility
Soluble in alcohol, CCl{4}, benzene, toluene, chloroform, carbon terachloride, gasoline, carbon disulfide and acetone. Soluble in water with much heat evolution.

Applications

Tin(IV) chloride is a precursor to prepare organotin compounds such as tetralkyltin and dialkyldichlorotin(IV), which find applications as catalysts and polymer stabilizers. As a Lewis acid catalyst, it is used in Fridel-Crafts reactions for alkylation and cyclization. It is involved in the selective nitration of aromatic compounds in the presence of fuming nitric acid. Furthermore, it is used to prepare tin(IV) oxide coating by sol-gel process.

Notes

Air and moisture sensitive. Keep the container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Incompatible with alkyl nitrates, ethylene oxide, potassium and humid air. Reacts violently with water.

Literature References

Selvi, T.; Srinivasan, K. Synthesis of 2, 4, 5-trisubstituted oxazoles through tin(IV) chloride-mediated reaction of trans-2-aryl-3-nitro-cyclopropane-1, 1-dicarboxylates with nitriles. Chem. Commun. 2014, 50 (74), 10845-10848.

Hennings, E.; Schmidt, H.; Voigt, W. Crystal structure of tin(IV) chloride octahydrate. Acta Crystallogr., Sect. E: Struct. Rep. Online 2014, E70, 480-482.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H314-H330-H335

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Fatal if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.

Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P285-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant

Other References

Merck
14,8774
Hazard Class
8
Packing Group
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2827.39
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
XP8750000

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