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Molybdenum pentachloride is employed as a brazing and soldering flux for monel, tungsten alloys and copper. It has been proven to be an efficient catalyst for the chlorination of aromatic rings and oxidative coupling reactions. It is a strong oxidizing agent. In the Friedel-Craft reaction, molybdenum pentachloride is used as a good lewis acid. Molybdenum pentachloride is used to prepare molybdenum by vapor deposition method.
Cho, H. Y.; Scott, L. T. Oxidative cyclotrimerization of unsaturated compounds with DDQ and triflic acid: An efficient synthetic route to triply-fused benzene rings. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56 (23), 3458-3462.
Freudenmanna, D.; Feldmann, C. The chloridomolybdenum (III) cluster in [BMIm]4[AgMo10Cl35] with infinite chains of Ag+-linked [Mo10Cl35]5- wheels. Dalton Trans. 2014, 43, 14109-14113.
Hazard Statements: H314-H318-H351
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. Suspected of causing cancer.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.