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Molybdenum pentachloride is employed as a brazing and soldering flux for monel, tungsten alloys and copper. It has been proven to be an efficient catalyst for the chlorination of aromatic rings and oxidative coupling reactions. It is a strong oxidizing agent. In the Friedel-Craft reaction, molybdenum pentachloride is used as a good lewis acid. Molybdenum pentachloride is used to prepare molybdenum by vapor deposition method.
Cho, H. Y.; Scott, L. T. Oxidative cyclotrimerization of unsaturated compounds with DDQ and triflic acid: An efficient synthetic route to triply-fused benzene rings. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56 (23), 3458-3462.
Freudenmanna, D.; Feldmann, C. The chloridomolybdenum (III) cluster in [BMIm]4[AgMo10Cl35] with infinite chains of Ag+-linked [Mo10Cl35]5- wheels. Dalton Trans. 2014, 43, 14109-14113.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant