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Indium(III) chloride hydrate is used for mild and selective cleavage of tert-butyldimethylsilyl ethers. It is a Lewis acid, and serves as a catalyst for many organic transformations. It also catalyzes the conversion of aldehydes to gem diacetates by chemoselective process. Lithium indium hydride, an in situ reducing agent, can be prepared from indium trichloride. It catalyzes reactions such as Friedel-Crafts acylations and Diels-Alder reactions. It also catalyzes Knoevenagel condensation between the barbituric acid and the aldehyde.
Yadav, J.S.; Subba Reddy, B.V.; Srinivas, C. Indium Trichloride Catalyzed Chemoselective Conversion of Aldehydes to Gem- Diacetates. Synth. Commun. 2002, 32 (14), 2149-2153.
Onishi, Y.; Nishimoto, Y.; Yasuda, M.; Baba, A. A mild and selective cleavage of tert-butyldimethylsilyl ethers by indium(III) chloride. Org. Lett. 2014, 16, (4), 1176-1179.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant