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It is precursor to many copper compounds including copper oxychloride and many organocuprate compounds of synthetic interest. It is used as a catalyst as well as a reagent in many organic reactions including Gatterman-Koch, Sandmeyer, Grignard and Gilman reactions. It catalyzes 1,4-addition of Grignard reagents to alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones. It is also used as a doping salt to enhance the cationization of polystyrene in matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. It is also an intermediate formed in the Wacker process.
Nezhad, G. K.; Dorraji, P. S. Copper chloride modified copper electrode: Application to electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol. Electrochim. Acta 2010, 55 (9), 3414-3420.
Keki, S.; Deak, G.; Zsuga, M. Copper(I) chloride: a simple salt for enhancement of polystyrene cationization in matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2001, 15 (9), 675-678.
Hazard Statements: H302-H312-H315-H318
Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P264b-P270-P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P305+P351+P338-P310-P312-P330-P332+P313-P362-P501c
Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant