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Cesium carbonate is the precursor for other cesium compounds. It acts as a base in sensitive organic reactions. Suzuki, Heck and Sonogashira synthesis are some of the important reactions involving cesium carbonate. It finds use in solar cells as it increases the power conversion efficiency of cells through the transfer of electrons. It is also used in the production of special optical glasses, petroleum catalytic additives, special ceramics, and in sulfuric acid industry. It is useful in the N-alkylation (of sulfonamides, β-lactams, indoles, heterocycles, and several sensitive nitrogen compounds), carbamination of amines, carbonylation of alcohols, and aerobic oxidation of alcohols into carbonyl compounds without over oxidations.
Chen, Y. C.; Gao, C. Y.; Chen, K. L.; Huang, C. J. Enhanced radiative decay in organic light-emitting diodes by combination of cesium carbonate and silver nanocluster. J. Lumin. 2015, 166, 248-252.
Chen, Y. C.; Gao, C. Y.; Chen, K. L.; Sze, P. W.; Huang. C. J. Enhanced electronic injection in organic light-emitting diodes by incorporating silver nanoclusters and cesium carbonate. J. Lumin. 2015, 351, 232-235.
Granados, M. L.; Poves, M. D. Z.; Alonso, D. M.; Mariscal, R.; Galisteo, F. C.; Moreno-Tost, R.; Santamaría, J.; Fierro, J. L. G. Biodiesel from sunflower oil by using activated calcium oxide. Appl. Catal. B 2007, 73 (3-4), 317-326.
Kondoh, A.; Yorimitsu, H.; Oshima, K. Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution Reaction of Nitroarenes with Alkyl or Arylthio Groups in Dimethyl Sulfoxide by Means of Cesium carbonate. Tetrahedron 2006, 62 (10), 2357-2360.
Yang, H. B.; Dong, Y. Q.; Wang, X.; Khoo, S. Y.; Liu, B. Cesium Carbonate Functionalized Graphene Quantum Dots as Stable Electron-Selective Layer for Improvement of Inverted Polymer Solar Cells. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2014, 6 (2), 1092-1099.
Hazard Statements: H318-H361f-H373
Causes serious eye damage. Suspected of damaging fertility. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P260-P281-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P310-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant