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It is used in colloidal gold solutions, in photography and as a print toning agent(gold toning), starting solution to form other gold compounds and a precursor for preparation of ultra pure gold metal. It is used in electroplating and electroless plating as an anode in an electric cell. Gold(III) chloride acts as a gold catalyst and cell body stains for bright field and dark field microscopy.
Winston, M. S.; Wolf, J. W.; Toste, F. D. Halide-Dependent Mechanisms of Reductive Elimination from Gold(III). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137(24), 7921-7928.
Barngrover, B. M.; Aikens, C. M. The Golden Pathway to Thiolate-Stabilized Nanoparticles: Following the Formation of Gold(I) Thiolate from Gold(III) Chloride. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134 (30), 12590-12595.
Hazard Statements: H314-H318
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.