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It finds use in disinfectants, magnets, glass, rubber, vulcanization, fireproofing papers and polymers, and catalysts. Bismuth trioxide brings about the "dragon's eggs" effect in fireworks, as a replacement of red lead. Bismuth(III) compounds are attractive reagents and catalysts in organic synthesis because of their low cost and ease of handling. Bismuth trioxide nanoparticles also play an important role in high energy gas generator. The alpha crystalline form of bismuth(III) oxide has p-type electronic conductivity.
Bothwell, J. M.; Krabbe, S. W. and Mohan, R. S. Applications of bismuth(III) compounds in organic synthesis. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2011, 40, 4649-4707.
Martirosyan, K. S.; Wang, L.; Vicent, A. and Luss, D. Synthesis and performance of bismuth trioxide nanoparticles for high energy gas generator use. Nanotechnology 2009, 40, 1-8.