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Mercury(II) chloride is used as a catalyst in making plastics, depolarizer in batteries and as a reagent in organic synthesis and analytical chemistry. It is also used to prepare an amalgam with metals such as aluminum, which finds application as reducing agent in organic synthesis. It also finds application in photography as a photographic intensifier. Further, it serves as a preservative and used in the treatment of syphilis. It is also used to remove dithiane groups bonded to a carbonyl in an umpolung reaction.
Rajasekar, M.; Muthu, K.; Prasad, A. A.; Meenakshisundaram, S. P. Growth, hyperpolarizability, characterization and theoretical studies of NLO active tris (allylthiourea) mercury(II) chloride. J. Mol. Struct. 2015, 1085 147-154.
Huang, Y.; Du, J. R.; Zhang, Y.; Lawless, D.; Feng, X. Removal of mercury(II) from wastewater by polyvinylamine-enhanced ultrafiltration. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2015, 154, 1-10.
Hazard Statements: H300-H310-H314-H335-H341-H361f-H372
Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. Suspected of causing genetic defects. Suspected of damaging fertility. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P260-P262-P264b-P270-P281-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant