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It is used as a catalyst, as a dehydrating and condensing agent, soldering flux, and metal etchant. It is also employed in preserving anatomical specimens, wood preservatives, deodorant, disinfecting and embalming materials. It is likewise employed as a mordant in printing and dyeing materials, and in the vulcanizing processes of fiber and rubber. It is useful as an electrolyte in dry cell batteries, in metal industry, in galvanizing iron and as an electrolyte for electroplating. It is useful in organic synthesis, for example in the Friedel-Crafts acylatoin, Fisher indole synthesis, Lucas reagent (zinc chloride with HCl), activation of allylic/benzylic halides towards reaction with olefins or with sodium cyanoborohydride catalyzed reduction of halides, organozinc reagents for use in Negishi coupling, and aldol condensation reactions.
Angin, D. Production and characterization of activated carbon from sour cherry stones by zinc chloride. Fuel 2014, 115, 804-811.
Ding, B. P.; Wu, F.; Chen, S. C.; Wang, Y. Z.; Zeng, J. B. Synthesis and characterization of a polyurethane ionene/zinc chloride complex with antibacterial properties. RSC Adv. 2015, 5, 12423-12433.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.