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7705-08-0 - Iron(III) chloride, anhydrous, 98% - Ferric chloride - 12357 - Alfa Aesar

12357 Iron(III) chloride, anhydrous, 98%

CAS Number
7705-08-0
Synonyms
Ferric chloride

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
10g 23.26
100g 29.09
1kg 34.58
5kg 56.62
25kg 222.48
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Iron(III) chloride, anhydrous, 98%

MDL
MFCD00011005
EINECS
231-729-4

Chemical Properties

Formula
Cl3Fe
Formula Weight
162.21
Form
Crystalline
Melting point
306°
Boiling Point
316°
Density
2.90
Sensitivity
Hygroscopic
Solubility
Freely soluble in methanol, ethanol, ether, and acetone.

Applications

It is used for sewerage treatment of industrial wastes, chloride hydrometallurgy (Silgarin process for the production of silicon), drinking water production, production of precursor for polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and copper-based metals in printed circuit boards. Iron (III) chloride is used as catalyst for the reaction of ethylene with chlorine, as a leaching agent, and as a drying reagent in certain reactions. It is a mild oxidizing agent and converts copper(I) chloride in to copper(II) chloride. As a moderately strong Lewis acid, it catalyzes chlorination of aromatic compounds and Friedel-Crafts reactions. Along with sodium iodide, it brings about reduction of organic azides to corresponding amines. It is useful in the detection of phenols and phenolic derivatives, gamma-hydroxybutyric acids, and also in Trinder spot test for detecting salicylic acids.

Notes

Very sensitive to moisture and corrosive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents and forms explosive mixtures with sodium, and potassium.

Literature References

Zhou, Y.; Xing, X. H.; Liu, Z.; Cui, L.; Yu, A.; Feng, Q.; Yang, H. Enhanced coagulation of ferric chloride aided by tannic acid for phosphorus removal from wastewater. Chemosphere 2008, 72 (2), 290-298.

Sarhan, A. A. O.; Bolm, C. Iron(III) chloride in oxidative C-C coupling reactions. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2009, 38, 2730-2744.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H314-H318-H302

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. Harmful if swallowed.

Precautionary Statements: P280-P305+P351+P338-P309-P310

Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

Other References

Merck
14,4019
Hazard Class
8
Packing Group
III
Harmonized Tariff Code
2827.39
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
LJ9100000

Recommended

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  • 11868

    Manganese(II) chloride, 97%
  • 12226

    Iron(III) nitrate nonahydrate, 98+% (metals basis)
  • 12457

    Copper(II) chloride, anhydrous, 98% min
  • 31141

    Iron(II) chloride, anhydrous, 99.5% (metals basis)

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