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It is used for sewerage treatment of industrial wastes, chloride hydrometallurgy (Silgarin process for the production of silicon), drinking water production, production of precursor for polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and copper-based metals in printed circuit boards. Iron (III) chloride is used as catalyst for the reaction of ethylene with chlorine, as a leaching agent, and as a drying reagent in certain reactions. It is a mild oxidizing agent and converts copper(I) chloride in to copper(II) chloride. As a moderately strong Lewis acid, it catalyzes chlorination of aromatic compounds and Friedel-Crafts reactions. Along with sodium iodide, it brings about reduction of organic azides to corresponding amines. It is useful in the detection of phenols and phenolic derivatives, gamma-hydroxybutyric acids, and also in Trinder spot test for detecting salicylic acids.
Zhou, Y.; Xing, X. H.; Liu, Z.; Cui, L.; Yu, A.; Feng, Q.; Yang, H. Enhanced coagulation of ferric chloride aided by tannic acid for phosphorus removal from wastewater. Chemosphere 2008, 72 (2), 290-298.
Sarhan, A. A. O.; Bolm, C. Iron(III) chloride in oxidative C-C coupling reactions. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2009, 38, 2730-2744.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H317-H318
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P234-P264b-P270-P272-P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P333+P313-P362-P501c
Keep only in original container. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant