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It is used for sewerage treatment of industrial wastes, chloride hydrometallurgy (Silgarin process for the production of silicon), drinking water production, production of precursor for polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and copper-based metals in printed circuit boards. Iron (III) chloride is used as catalyst for the reaction of ethylene with chlorine, as a leaching agent, and as a drying reagent in certain reactions. It is a mild oxidizing agent and converts copper(I) chloride in to copper(II) chloride. As a moderately strong Lewis acid, it catalyzes chlorination of aromatic compounds and Friedel-Crafts reactions. Along with sodium iodide, it brings about reduction of organic azides to corresponding amines. It is useful in the detection of phenols and phenolic derivatives, gamma-hydroxybutyric acids, and also in Trinder spot test for detecting salicylic acids.
Zhou, Y.; Xing, X. H.; Liu, Z.; Cui, L.; Yu, A.; Feng, Q.; Yang, H. Enhanced coagulation of ferric chloride aided by tannic acid for phosphorus removal from wastewater. Chemosphere 2008, 72 (2), 290-298.
Sarhan, A. A. O.; Bolm, C. Iron(III) chloride in oxidative C-C coupling reactions. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2009, 38, 2730-2744.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H318
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P280-P305+P351+P338-P309-P310a
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor