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As absorbent, in chromatography, manufacturing of glass, paper, inks, ceramics, lubricants, cosmeticsAluminum hydroxide is used as a desiccant powder, filler in paper, plastics, rubber and cosmetics. It is used as a smoke suppressant and mordant dye. It is also used in drugs as antacid and antihyperphosphatemic. It is also used as a Claus catalyst support for waterproof fabrics. It is an important starting material for the preparation of other aluminum compounds, calcined alumina, aluminum sulfate, polyaluminum chloride, zeolites, sodium aluminate, activated alumina and aluminum nitrate. In addition, it is used as a fire retardant.
Yang, D.; Hu, Y.; Li, H.; Song, L.; Xu, H.; Li, B. Synergistic flame retardant effect of alpha-zirconium phosphate in low-density polyethylene/ethylene-vinyl acetate/aluminum hydroxide hybrids. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 2015, 119 (1), 619-624.
Kinoshita, K.; Yanagimoto, H.; Suzuki, T.; Minami, H. Influence of the molecular-oriented structure of ionic liquids on the crystallinity of aluminum hydroxide prepared by a sol-gel process in ionic liquids. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2015, 17 (28), 18705-18709.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.