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Used in the laboratory as LB (Lithium borate) buffer for gel electrophoresis of DNA and RNA. Employed in the borax fusion method to modify mineral powder samples for analysis by WDXRF (Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence) Spectroscopy. Acts as an ingredient in the manufacture of glasses and ceramics. Useful fod dissolving basic oxides such as CaO and MgO. A mixture of lithium metaborate and lithium tetraborate is useful for dissolving most of the inorganic oxides to enable spectrochemical analysis.
Annalakshmi, O.; Jose, M. T.; Amarendra, G. Dosimetric characteristics of manganese doped lithium tetraborate - An improved TL phosphor. Radiat. Meas. 2011, 46, 669-675.
Senyshyn, A.; Schwarz, B.; Lorenz, T.; Adamiv, V. T.; Burak, Y. V.; Banys, J.; Grigalaitis, R.; Vasylechko, L.; Ehrenberg, H.; Fuess, H. Low-temperature crystal structure, specific heat, and dielectric properties of lithium tetraborate. J. Appl. Phys. 2010, 108, 093524.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.