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Sodium borohydride is used as a reagent in the reduction of amino acids and their derivatives. Also used as a catalyst in the ammonia borane dehydrogenation. Sodium borohydride is used as a reducing agent in the synthesis of gold nanoparticles. It is also used for wood pulp and as a blowing agent for plastics. It reduces the aldehyde and keto groups to give the corresponding alcohols.
Olu, P. Y.; Gilles, B.; Job, N.; Chatenet, M. Influence of the surface morphology of smooth platinum electrodes for the sodium borohydride oxidation reaction. Electrochem. Commun. 2014, 43, 47-50.
Deraedt, C.; Salmon, L.; Gatard, S.; Ciganda, R.; Hernandez, R.; Ruiz, J.; Astruc, D. Sodium borohydride stabilizes very active gold nanoparticle catalysts. Chem. Commun. 2014, 50, (91), 14194-14196.
Hazard Statements: H260-H301-H311-H330-H314-H318
In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously. Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P223-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P320-P405-P501a
Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.