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In soap manufacture, in bleaching, as an electrolyte, as an absorbent, in dyestuffs, in liquid fertilizer, in electroplating, as a reagentPotassium hydroxide acts as a precursor for most of the soft and liquid soaps, and for numerous potassium-containing chemicals. It is widely used in the manufacture of detergents, fertilizer, rayon, paper, dyestuffs, various drugs, drug intermediates, fine chemicals, and petroleum products. In the field of organic chemistry, potassium hydroxide acts as a base, and is used in the synthesis of several organic compounds. Further, it finds application as an electrolyte in alkaline batteries, which are based on nickel-cadmium, nickel-hydrogen and manganese dioxide-zinc.
Aili, D.; Jankova, K.; Li, Q.; Bjerrum, N. J.; Jensen, J. O. The stability of poly(2, 2'-(m-phenylene)-5, 5'-bibenzimidazole) membranes in aqueous potassium hydroxide. J. Membr. Sci. 2015, 492, 422-429.
Liu, Z.; Sheng, P.; Yang, Y. P.; Li, W.; Huang, W. M.; Wang, J. D.; Fan, Y. M. Comparison of modified Chicago sky blue stain and potassium hydroxide mount for the diagnosis of dermatomycoses and onychomycoses. J. Microbiol. Methods 2015, 112, 21-23.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.