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Sodium metasilicate is used as a starting material for zeolites and silica catalysts. It acts as an adhesive and binder, corrosion inhibitor, penetrating sealant, coagulant in waste water treatment, fixative for hand dyeing with reactive dye and detergent auxiliaries. It is also used in boiler compounds, cleaners, bleaches, aluminum paint strippers and washing carbonated drinking bottles. It finds application in cements, drilling fluids, fireproofing wood, refractories and automobiles. Further, it serves as a surfactant, emulsifier, wetting agent, suspending agent, dispersing agent and anti-corrosive agent in boiler water.
Tekin, R.; Bac, N.; Warzywoda, J.; Sacco, A. Effect of reaction mixture composition and silica source on size distribution of zeolite X crystals. J. Cryst. Growth 2015, 411, 45-48.
Nematollahi, B.; Sanjayan, J.; Shaikh, F. U. A. Synthesis of heat and ambient cured one-part geopolymer mixes with different grades of sodium silicate. Ceram. Int. 2015, 41 (4), 5696-5704.
Hazard Statements: H290-H314-H335
May be corrosive to metals. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P234-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P390-P501c
Keep only in original container. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant