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Sodium chlorite is used in the in situ generation of chlorine dioxide for stripping of textiles, bleaching, pulp and paper industries. It acts as a disinfectant in water treatment plant and as a preservative in eye drops. It is also used in contact lens cleaning solution and for sanitizing air ducts. It is associated with zinc chloride and used as a component in therapeutic rinses, toothpastes, mouth sprays and gels. It is utilized for the synthesis of 4-oxo-2-alkenoic acids from alkyl furans. Further, it is involved as a reagent in Pinnick oxidation reaction to prepare carboxylic acid from aldehydes.
Ban, Z.; Feng, J.; Wei, W.; Yang, X.; Li, J.; Guan, J.; Li, J. Synergistic Effect of Sodium Chlorite and Edible Coating on Quality Maintenance of Minimally Processed Citrus grandis under Passive and Active MAP. J. Food Sci. 2015, 80 (8), C1705-C1712.
Gómez-Fosado, C. G.; Quintero, L.; Fuentes, L.; Sartillo-Piscil, F. The use of sodium chlorite in the non-racemic synthesis of a potent inhibitor of glycolipid biosynthesis. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56 (41), 5607-5609.
Hazard Statements: H271-H301-H310-H314-H318-H373
May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer. Toxic if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P221-P283-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.