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Sodium chlorite is used in the in situ generation of chlorine dioxide for stripping of textiles, bleaching, pulp and paper industries. It acts as a disinfectant in water treatment plant and as a preservative in eye drops. It is also used in contact lens cleaning solution and for sanitizing air ducts. It is associated with zinc chloride and used as a component in therapeutic rinses, toothpastes, mouth sprays and gels. It is utilized for the synthesis of 4-oxo-2-alkenoic acids from alkyl furans. Further, it is involved as a reagent in Pinnick oxidation reaction to prepare carboxylic acid from aldehydes.
Ban, Z.; Feng, J.; Wei, W.; Yang, X.; Li, J.; Guan, J.; Li, J. Synergistic Effect of Sodium Chlorite and Edible Coating on Quality Maintenance of Minimally Processed Citrus grandis under Passive and Active MAP. J. Food Sci. 2015, 80 (8), C1705-C1712.
Gómez-Fosado, C. G.; Quintero, L.; Fuentes, L.; Sartillo-Piscil, F. The use of sodium chlorite in the non-racemic synthesis of a potent inhibitor of glycolipid biosynthesis. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56 (41), 5607-5609.
Hazard Statements: H271-H301-H310-H314-H373
May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer. Toxic if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P220-P221-P260-P262-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P283-P284-P302+P350-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P306+P360-P310-P330-P331-P353-P363-P370+P378q-P371+P380+P375-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing. Wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Rinse skin with water/shower. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant