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14540 Lithium chloride, ultra dry, 99.9% (metals basis)

CAS Number
7447-41-8
Synonyms

Stock No. Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
14540-09 10g 50.30
14540-18 50g 173.00
14540-30 250g 647.00
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Lithium chloride, ultra dry, 99.9% (metals basis)

MDL
MFCD00011078
EINECS
231-212-3

Chemical Properties

Formula
LiCl
Formula Weight
42.39
Form
-10 Mesh Beads, Ampouled under argon
Melting point
605°
Boiling Point
1325-1360°
Density
2.068
Storage & Sensitivity
Hygroscopic. Ambient temperatures.
Solubility
Freely soluble in water; soluble in methanol, ethanol, formic acid. Insoluble in dichloromethane.

Applications

Lithium chloride is useful for the production of lithium metal, and for the generation of Mn(0) species which can be used in free radical cyclizations. It can serve as a flame colorant to generate dark red flames, a brazing flux for aluminum in automobiles, a hygrometer, and a desiccant for drying air streams. On exposure to air, it becomes a solution with the concentration directly related to relative humidity of the atmosphere, and hence serves as a relative humidity standard in calibrating hygrometers. Apart from being a source of chloride, it serves as an additive in the Stille reaction in organic synthesis, and to precipitate RNA from cellular extracts. Being biologically significant, it finds applications in a wide variety of assays to study cell-fate and neurobiology. Lithium chloride has been found to inhibit virus infection.

Notes

It is hygroscopic in nature. Deliquescent salt forming a solution when exposed to humid air. Store in cool and dry place in closed tight containers.

Literature References

Kowalczyk, S. W.; Wells, D. B.; Aksimentiev, A.; Dekker, C. Slowing down DNA Translocation through a Nanopore in Lithium Chloride. Nano Lett. 2012, 12 (2), 1038-1044.

Deng, L.-J.; Liu, J.; Huang, J.-Q.; Hud, Y.; Chen, M.; Lan, Y.; Chen, J.-H.; Lei, A.; Yang, Z. Effect of Lithium Chloride on Tuning the Reactivity of Pauson-Khand Reactions Catalyzed by Palladium-Tetramethylthiourea. Synthesis 2007, 2565-2570.

Fumo, N.; Goswami, D. Y. Study of an Aqueous Lithium Chloride Desiccant System: Air Dehumidification and Desiccant Regeneration. Sol. Energy 2002, 72 (4), 51-361.

Krasovskiy, A.; Knochel, P. A LiCl-Mediated Br/Mg Exchange Reaction for the Preparation of Functionalized Aryl- and Heteroarylmagnesium Compounds from Organic Bromides. Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. 2004, 43 (25), 3333-3336.

Chen, H. -C.; Chien, W. -C.; Changc, M. -Y.; Hsieh, M. -Y.; Lai, M. -D.; Maa, M. -C.; Leu, T. -H., The iNOS/Src/FAK axis contributes to lithium chloride-mediated macrophage migration. Nitric Oxide 2015, 47, 58-64.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H335

Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.

Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a

Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Other References

Merck
14,5528
Harmonized Tariff Code
2827.39
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
OJ5950000

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