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Lithium chloride is useful for the production of lithium metal, and for the generation of Mn(0) species which can be used in free radical cyclizations. It can serve as a flame colorant to generate dark red flames, a brazing flux for aluminum in automobiles, a hygrometer, and a desiccant for drying air streams. On exposure to air, it becomes a solution with the concentration directly related to relative humidity of the atmosphere, and hence serves as a relative humidity standard in calibrating hygrometers. Apart from being a source of chloride, it serves as an additive in the Stille reaction in organic synthesis, and to precipitate RNA from cellular extracts. Being biologically significant, it finds applications in a wide variety of assays to study cell-fate and neurobiology. Lithium chloride has been found to inhibit virus infection.
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Deng, L.-J.; Liu, J.; Huang, J.-Q.; Hud, Y.; Chen, M.; Lan, Y.; Chen, J.-H.; Lei, A.; Yang, Z. Effect of Lithium Chloride on Tuning the Reactivity of Pauson-Khand Reactions Catalyzed by Palladium-Tetramethylthiourea. Synthesis 2007, 2565-2570.
Fumo, N.; Goswami, D. Y. Study of an Aqueous Lithium Chloride Desiccant System: Air Dehumidification and Desiccant Regeneration. Sol. Energy 2002, 72 (4), 51-361.
Krasovskiy, A.; Knochel, P. A LiCl-Mediated Br/Mg Exchange Reaction for the Preparation of Functionalized Aryl- and Heteroarylmagnesium Compounds from Organic Bromides. Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. 2004, 43 (25), 3333-3336.
Chen, H. -C.; Chien, W. -C.; Changc, M. -Y.; Hsieh, M. -Y.; Lai, M. -D.; Maa, M. -C.; Leu, T. -H., The iNOS/Src/FAK axis contributes to lithium chloride-mediated macrophage migration. Nitric Oxide 2015, 47, 58-64.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.