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In industry, barium chloride is mainly used in the purification of brine solution in caustic chlorine plants and also in the manufacture of heat treatment salts, case hardening of steel, in the manufacture of pigments, and in the manufacture of other barium salts. BaCl2 is also used in fireworks to give a bright green color. It is commonly used as a test for sulfate ion.
Elizabeth B. Brackett; Thomas E. Brackett; Ronald L. Sass. The crystal structures of barium chloride, barium bromide, and barium iodide. J. Phys. Chem. 1963, 67 (10), 2132-2135.
V. Vitagliano; P. A. Lyons. Diffusion Coefficients for Aqueous Solutions of Sodium Chloride and Barium Chloride. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1956, 78 (8), 1549-1552.
Hazard Statements: H301-H332
Toxic if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled.
Precautionary Statements: P264b-P270-P271-P301+P310-P304+P340-P312-P330-P501c
Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant