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Toluene is used as a solvent in various chemical industries. It is used in the production of various petrochemicals like paint, explosives, urethane foam and phenol formaldehyde used for electrical switches. It is used as a thinner in the paint industry, as a fuel additive to increase octane ratings and as a coolant for its good heat transfer capabilities in sodium cold traps used in nuclear reactor system loops.
Hu, X.; Wang, S.; Westerhof, R. J.M.; Wu, L.; Song, Y.; Dong, D.; Li, C. Z. Acid-catalyzed conversion of C6 sugar monomer/oligomers to levulinic acid in water, tetrahydrofuran and toluene: Importance of the solvent polarity. Fuel 2015, 141, 56-63.
Vaishnav, V. S.; Patel, S. G.; Panchal, J. N. Development of indium tin oxide thin film toluene sensor. Sens. Actuators, B 2015, 210, 165-172.
Hazard Statements: H225-H304-H315-H319-H336-H361d-H373
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. Suspected of damaging the unborn child. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P271-P280i-P281-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P331-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P5
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear eye/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation occurs: If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam