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Acetone is a polar, aprotic solvent used in the synthesis and isolation of both organic and inorganic compounds and complexes. It plays a vital role in Jones oxidation. It is utilized for rinsing laboratory glasswares due to its low cost and volatility. It is used in the manufacture of various chemicals such as methyl isobutyl ketone, mesityl oxide, diacetone alcohol, acetic acid, iodoform, bromoform, rayon, photographic films, paint and varnish removers. It is also useful in the synthesis of t-butanesulfinamide, terpenes, thiol-stabilized gold colloids, calixphyrin macrocycles and trispyrazolylborate platinum compounds. It plays an important role in protein crystallization.
Bochi, V. C.; Godoy, H. T.; Giusti, M. M. Anthocyanin and other phenolic compounds in Ceylon gooseberry (Dovyalis hebecarpa) fruits. Food Chem. 2015, 176, 234-243.
Kirkeminde, A.; Spurlin, S.; Sixta, L. D.; Cooper, J.; Ren, S. Metal Redox Processes for the Controlled Synthesis of Metal Alloy Nanoparticles. Angew. Chem. 2015, 127 (14), 4277-4281.
Hazard Statements: H225-H319-H336
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.