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Acetone is a polar, aprotic solvent used in the synthesis and isolation of both organic and inorganic compounds and complexes. It plays a vital role in Jones oxidation. It is utilized for rinsing laboratory glasswares due to its low cost and volatility. It is used in the manufacture of various chemicals such as methyl isobutyl ketone, mesityl oxide, diacetone alcohol, acetic acid, iodoform, bromoform, rayon, photographic films, paint and varnish removers. It is also useful in the synthesis of t-butanesulfinamide, terpenes, thiol-stabilized gold colloids, calixphyrin macrocycles and trispyrazolylborate platinum compounds. It plays an important role in protein crystallization.
Bochi, V. C.; Godoy, H. T.; Giusti, M. M. Anthocyanin and other phenolic compounds in Ceylon gooseberry (Dovyalis hebecarpa) fruits. Food Chem. 2015, 176, 234-243.
Kirkeminde, A.; Spurlin, S.; Sixta, L. D.; Cooper, J.; Ren, S. Metal Redox Processes for the Controlled Synthesis of Metal Alloy Nanoparticles. Angew. Chem. 2015, 127 (14), 4277-4281.
Hazard Statements: H225-H319-H336-H373
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P314-P337+P313-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant