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n-Decane is used as a solvent as well as an internal standard in the GC analysis of oxalic, malonic and succinic acids. It is used in paint manufacture as a hydrocarbon solvent and for wood stains and varnishes as a varnish solvent. It is an active component of automotive fuels viz. gasoline (petrol).
Laupheimer, M.; Preisig, N.; Stubenrauch, C. The molecular organogel n-decane/12-hydroxyoctadecanoic acid: Sol-gel transition, rheology, and microstructure. Colloids Surf., A 2015, 469, 315-325.
Comandini, A.; Dubois, T.; Chaumeix, N. Laminar flame speeds of n-decane, n-butylbenzene, and n-propylcyclohexane mixtures. Proc. Combust. Inst. 2015, 35 (1), 671-678.
Hazard Statements: H226-H304
Flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P241-P242-P243-P280-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P331-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. Do NOT induce vomiting. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant