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It is primarily used in the production of furan derivatives such as furan and furfuryl alcohol. Another major application of furfural is as extraction solvent in refineries. It is also used to accelerate vulcanization, as an ingredient of phenolic resins (Durite) and as a flavoring agent.
Michael Jerry Antal Jr.; Tongchit Leesomboon.; William S. Mok.; Geoffrey N. Richards. Mechanism of formation of 2-furaldehyde from d-xylose.JCarbohydr. Res.1991,217(18), 71-85.
Hazard Statements: H226-H301-H312-H331-H315-H319-H351-H335
Flammable liquid and vapour. Toxic if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. Suspected of causing cancer. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.