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Toluene is used as solvent for paints, paint thinners, silicone sealants, many chemical reactants, rubber, printing ink, adhesives (glues), lacquers, leather tanners and disinfectants. It is an important raw material to synthesize pharmaceuticals, paints, resins, dyes, toluene diisocyanate and explosives like trinitrotoluene. It is used as standard material for chromatography and analytical reagent. It plays an important role in the manufacture of benzene, xylene, phenol, poly urethane polymers, cosmetics and jet fuel blends. It is used as fuel additive to increase octane ratings and a coolant for its good heat transfer capabilities in sodium cold traps used in nuclear reactor system loops.
Hildebrandt Ruiz, L.; Paciga, A. L.; Cerully, K. M.; Nenes, A.; Donahue, N. M.; Pandis, S. N. Formation and aging of secondary organic aerosol from toluene: changes in chemical composition, volatility, and hygroscopicity. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2015, 15 (14), 8301-8313.
Zamboni, I.; Zimmermann, Y.; Kiennemann, A.; Courson, C. Improvement of steam reforming of toluene by CO 2 capture using Fe/CaO-Ca12Al14O33 bi-functional materials. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2015, 40 (15), 5297-5304.
Hazard Statements: H225-H304-H315-H319-H336-H361d-H373
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. Suspected of damaging the unborn child. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P271-P280i-P281-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P331-P332+P313-P337+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P5
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear eye/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation occurs: If eye irritation persists: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam