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Mineral oil is used as an overlay covering microdrops of culture medium in petri dishes. It is an active ingredient in baby lotions, cold creams, ointments and cosmetics. It is also used in electrical and mechanical industries as thermal fluid in electrical components and non -conductive coolant. It finds application as a transformer oil, as an anti rust agent for blades and as an insulator in high voltage switchgear. Further, it is used to store reactive metals like lithium, sodium, etc and in X-ray crystallography to suspend crystals.
Mukherjee, S.; Yang, L., Vincent, C.; Lei, X.; Ottaviani, M. F.; Ananthapadmanabhan, K. P. A comparison between interactions of triglyceride oil and mineral oil with proteins and their ability to reduce cleanser surfactant-induced irritation. Int. J. Cosmet. Sci. 2015, 37 (4), 371-378.
Biedermann, M.; Barp, L.; Kornauth, C.; Würger, T.; Rudas, M.; Reiner, A.; Concin, N.; Grob, K. Mineral oil in human tissues, Part II: Characterization of the accumulated hydrocarbons by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography. Sci. Total Environ. 2015, 506-507, 644-655.