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1-Butanol is primarily used as a solvent, as an intermediate in chemical synthesis, and as a fuel. It is also used as a paint thinner and a solvent in other coating applications where it is used as a relatively slow evaporating latent solvent in lacquers and ambient-cured enamels. It finds other uses such as a component of hydraulic and brake fluids.
Claire R. Shen.; Ethan I. Lan.; Yasumasa Dekishima.; Antonino Baez1.; Kwang Myung Cho.; James C. Liao. Driving Forces Enable High-Titer Anaerobic 1-Butanol Synthesis in Escherichia coli. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2011, 77 (9),2905-2915.
Hazard Statements: H226-H302-H315-H318-H335-H336
Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.