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n-Pentane is used in spectrophotometry and environmental testing. It is used in consumer merchandise such as spot lifters/cleaners and foaming shave gels and in commercial products such as a blowing agent for expanded polystyrene (foam) insulation. It may also be used as a solvent (in pure form) in laboratory, chemical analysis, and other settings where a highly volatile non-polar solvent is needed.
Young, J. A. n-Pentane. J. Chem. Educ. 2009, 86 (1), 26.
Hajova, H.; Chmelar, J.; Nistor, A.; Gregor, T.; Kosek, J. Experimental Study of Sorption and Diffusion of n-Pentane in Polystyrene. Chem. Eng. Data , 2013, 58 (4), 851-865.
Hazard Statements: H225-H336-H304
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P261-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P405-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.