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n-Pentane is used in spectrophotometry and environmental testing. It is used in consumer merchandise such as spot lifters/cleaners and foaming shave gels and in commercial products such as a blowing agent for expanded polystyrene (foam) insulation. It may also be used as a solvent (in pure form) in laboratory, chemical analysis, and other settings where a highly volatile non-polar solvent is needed.
Young, J. A. n-Pentane. J. Chem. Educ. 2009, 86 (1), 26.
Hajova, H.; Chmelar, J.; Nistor, A.; Gregor, T.; Kosek, J. Experimental Study of Sorption and Diffusion of n-Pentane in Polystyrene. Chem. Eng. Data , 2013, 58 (4), 851-865.
Hazard Statements: H225-H304-H336
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P271-P280-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P312-P331-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Do NOT induce vomiting. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant