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1,2-dichloroethane is used in the production of vinyl chloride which is used to make a variety of plastic and vinyl products including polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes, furniture and automobile upholstery, wall coverings, house wares, and automobile parts.1,2-Dichloroethane is also used generally as an intermediate for other organic chemical compounds and as a solvent.
Ulf Rannug, Annica Sundvall.; Claes Ramel. The mutagenic effect of 1,2-dichloroethane on Salmonella typhimurium I. Activation through conjugation with glutathion in vitro. Chemico-Biological Interactions. 1978, 20, (1), 1-16.
T. Wandlowski.; V. Marecek.; Z. Samec. Galvani potential scales for waternitrobenzene and water-1,2-dichloroethane interfaces. Electrochimica Acta. 1990, 35, (7), 1173-1175.
Hazard Statements: H225-H302-H315-H319-H331-H335-H336-H350-H373
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. Toxic if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. May cause cancer. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280i-P281-P301+P312-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P311-P330-P332+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P5
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear eye/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam