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Acetonitrile is utilized as a polar aprotic solvent in organic synthesis, and in the purification of butadiene. It is used in all the analytical laboratories as a major component of mobile phase in High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and in Liquid Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS). It is used for the extraction of fatty acids, spinning fibers and casting and molding of plastic materials. Aqueous two-phase systems based on acetonitrile and carbohydrates play an important character in the extraction and purification of biomolecules called vanillins. It acts as a stabilizer for the chlorinated solvents, and finds use in the production of DNA oligonucleotides.
Lam, T. W.; Zhang, H.; Siu, S. K. Reductions of Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, and Acetonitrile by the Magnesium(II)/Magnesium(I) Couple in Aqueous Media: Theoretical Insights from a Nano-Sized Water Droplet. J. Phys. Chem. A 2015, 119 (12), 2780-2792.
Cardoso, G. B.; Mourao, T.; Pereira, F. M.; Freire, M. G.; Fricks, A. T.; Soares, C. M. F.; Lima, A. S. Aqueous two-phase systems based on acetonitrile and carbohydrates and their application to the extraction of vanillin. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2013, 104 (5), 106-113.
Xu, K.; Zhu, L.; Zhang, A.; Jiang, G.; Tang, H. A peculiar cyclic voltammetric behavior of polyaniline in acetonitrile and its application in ammonia vapor sensor. J. Electroanal. Chem. 2007, 608 (2), 141-147.
Hazard Statements: H225-H302+H312+H332-H319
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P314-P330-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant