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Phenol is used as a precursor for cyclohexanone, plastics, nonionic detergents and pharmaceutical drugs like aspirin. It acts as an anesthetic in chloraseptic. It reacts with acetone to get bisphenol-A which is used in the synthesis of poly carbonates and epoxide resins. It is also used in the manufacture of synthetic resins, dyes, pharmaceuticals, synthetic tanning agents, perfumes, lubricating oils and solvents. In molecular biology, it is used in the extraction of nucleic acid from tissues by using the liquid/liquid phenol-chloroform extraction technique. It is an active component of paint strippers which are used for the removal of epoxy and polyurethane. It is also used in the preparation of cosmetics, hair colors and skin lightening preparations. In the field of medicine, its spray is useful in helping sore throat.
Jiang, L.; Jia, T.; Wang, M.; Liao, J.; Cao, P. Pd-Catalyzed Enantioselective Hydroalkoxylation of Alkoxyallenes with Phenol for Construction of Acyclic O, O-Acetals. Org. Lett. 2015, 17 (5), 1070-1073.
Park, J. H.; Park, C. Y.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, M. U.; Kim, Y. J.; Kim, G. H.; Park, C. P. Continuous-Flow Synthesis of meta-Substituted Phenol Derivatives. Org. Process Res. Dev. 2015, 19 (7), 812-818.
Hazard Statements: H301+H311+H331-H314-H335-H341-H373
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. Suspected of causing genetic defects. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P281-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant