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Acetaldehyde is used in the production of drugs, perfumes, explosives, lacquers and varnishes, photographic chemicals, phenolic and urea resins, rubber accelerators and antioxidants. It is used as an intermediate for the synthesis of acetic acid, ethyl acetate, acetic anhydride, pentaerythritol, peracetic acid, chloral and glyoxal. As a solvent, it is used in rubber production, tanning of leather and in the paper industry. It is used as a fruit and fish preservative, as a flavoring agent, as a denaturant for alcohol and in composition of fuel.
Chen, C. H.; Cruz, L. A.; Mochly-Rosen, D. Pharmacological recruitment of aldehyde dehydrogenase 3A1 (ALDH3A1) to assist ALDH2 in acetaldehyde and ethanol metabolism in vivo. FASEB J. 2015, 112 (10), 3074-3079.
Chen, C. H.; Cruz, L.; Mochly-Rosen, D. Altering substrate specificity of aldehyde dehydrogenase 3A1 to enhance acetaldehyde metabolism, in vivo (585.9). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2014, 28 (1), 585-5899.
Hazard Statements: H224-H319-H335-H341-H350
Extremely flammable liquid and vapour. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. Suspected of causing genetic defects. May cause cancer.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P261-P264b-P271-P280i-P281-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P308+P313-P337+P313-P370+P378q-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear eye/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant