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Ammonium hydroxide is widely utilized as a leavening agent or acidity regulator in food production. It serves as a precursor to some alkyl amines and is also used in the tobacco industry for flavor enhancement and as a processing aid. During furniture making, it combines with tannic acid and is used to darken or stain wood by making it iron salts. In chemical laboratories, it used for qualitative inorganic analysis, as a complexant and as a base. It is used to clean gold, silve, and platinum jewelry. It is an active component of Tollens' reagent (consisting of a solution of silver nitrate and ammonia) and is used to determine the presence of aldehyde or alpha-hydroxy ketone functional groups.
Gu, X.; Zhou, K.; Freng, Y.; Yao, J. The morphology control of zeolitic imidazolate framework by addition of amino acid L-histidine. Chem. Lett. 2015, 44 (8), 1080-1082.
Wang, D.; Belharouak, I.; Ortega, L. H.; Zhang, X.; Xu, R.; Zhou, D.; Zhou, G.; Amin, K. Synthesis of high capacity cathodes for lithium-ion batteries by morphology-tailored hydroxide co-precipitation. J. Power Sources. 2015, 274, 451-457.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H318
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P273-P280-P305+P351+P338-P309-P310a
Avoid release to the environment. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor