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Ethanol is used in antibacterial hand sanitizer gels, as an antidote to methanol poisoning and an antitussive agent. It is acting as a solvent to remove the paint and ink stain on curtains, dress and upholstery. It is utilized as a fuel in camping and primus stoves. It is likewise employed to clean the windows, manufacturing nail-polish and to test pectin levels in jam and jelly making. It finds application in personal care products such as mouthwashes, perfumes and deodorants.
Freitas, J. G.; Barker, J. F. Denatured ethanol release into gasoline residuals, Part 1: Source behaviour. J. Contam. Hydrol. 2013, 148, 67-78.
Spalding, R. F.; Toso, M. A.; Exner, M. E.; Hattan, G.; Higgins, T. M.; Sekely, A. C.; Jensen, S. D. Long-term groundwater monitoring results at large, sudden denatured ethanol releases. Ground Water Monit. Remediat. 2011, 31 (3), 69-81.
Hazard Statements: H225-H302+H332-H319-H336-H371
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. May cause damage to organs.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P309+P311-P312-P330-P337+P313-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant