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Lithium nitride is used in metallurgy and chemical synthesis. It is also used to store hydrogen and acts as a source of the nitride ion. It is involved in the preparation of lithium hydride and lithium amide as well as a reducing agent.
Li, Z.; Zhang, J.; Wang, S.; Jiang, L.; Latroche, M.; Du, J.; Cuevas, F. Mechanochemistry of lithium nitride under hydrogen gas. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2015, 17 (34), 21927-21934.
Goshome, K.; Miyaoka, H.; Yamamoto, H.; Ichikawa, T.; Ichikawa, T.; Kojima, Y. Ammonia Synthesis via Non-Equilibrium Reaction of Lithium Nitride in Hydrogen Flow Condition. Mater. Trans. 2015, 56 (3), 410-414.
Hazard Statements: H250-H260-H314-H335
Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air. In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P222-P223-P231+P232-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P335+P334-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not allow contact with air. Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire. Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant