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Ammonium hydroxide is widely utilized as a leavening agent or acidity regulator in food production. It serves as a precursor to some alkyl amines and is also used in the tobacco industry for flavor enhancement and as a processing aid. During furniture making, it combines with tannic acid and is used to darken or stain wood by making it iron salts. In chemical laboratories, it used for qualitative inorganic analysis, as a complexant and as a base. It is used to clean gold, silver and platinum jewelry. It is an active component of Tollens' reagent (consisting of a solution of silver nitrate and ammonia) and is used to determine the presence of aldehyde or alpha-hydroxy ketone functional groups.
Wang, D.; Belharouak, I.; Ortega, L. H.; Zhang, X.; Xu, R.; Zhou, D.; Zhou, G.; Amin, K. Synthesis of high capacity cathodes for lithium-ion batteries by morphology-tailored hydroxide co-precipitation. J. Power Sources. 2015, 274, 451-457.
Lee, Y.; Geun Oh, S. Ostwald ripening and control of Ag ion reduction degree by ammonium hydroxide in alcohol reduction process. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 2015, 21, 768-771.
Hazard Statements: H314-H335
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant